e-flux journal 56th Venice Biennale
p o s s e s s i v e n e s s

Jimmie Durham

is an artist, poet, and writer who currently lives in Europe. Durham has taken part in numerous international exhibitions, such as Documenta, Kassel (1992, 2012), the Whitney Biennial, New York (1993, 2003, 2014) and the Venice Biennale (1999, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2013). Besides multiple shows at museums like the Museum Ludwig in Cologne, the Institute of Contemporary Arts in London, the Palais des Beaux-Arts in Brussels, and the Madre Museum in Napoli, retrospectives of his oeuvre have been shown at the MuHKA in Antwerp (2012) and the Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville in Paris (2009). He has published several collections of essays and poetry, such as Waiting To Be Interrupted: Selected Writings 1993-2012 (Mousse Publishing, 2014), Poems That Do Not Go Together (Wiens Verlag and Edition Hansjörg Mayer, 2012), A Certain Lack of Coherence (Kala Press, 1993), and 1985 Columbus Day (West End Press, 1983).

Calypso is the leading technology platform for cross-asset trading,

Accounting, processing, and enterprise risk management.


Key words:    

                        Cross asset











Necessarily hopeful verbosity.


Marco Koch, Luis Varela, Jae Geun Kim, Jung Dae Kim, Francisco Hernández-Nuño, Stephanie Simonds, Carlos Castorena, Claudia Vianna, Joel Elmquist, Yury Morozov, Pasko Rakic, Ingo Bechmann, Michael Cowley, Klara Szigeti-Buck, Marcelo Dietrich, Xiao-Bing Gao, Sabrina Diano & Tamas Horvath


Published an article in which they wrote that,


“Hypothalamic pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons promote satiety. Cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1R) is critical for the central regulation of food intake. Here we test whether CB1R-controlled feeding in sated mice is paralleled by decreased activity of POMC neurons. We show that chemical promotion of CB1R activity increases feeding, and notably, CB1R activation also promotes neuronal activity of POMC cells. This paradoxical increase in POMC activity was crucial for CB1R-induced feeding, because designer-receptors-exclusively-activated-by-designer-drugs (DREADD)-mediated inhibition of POMC neurons diminishes, whereas DREADD-mediated activation of POMC neurons enhances CB1R-driven feeding. The Pomc gene encodes both the anorexigenic peptide α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone, and the opioid peptide β-endorphin. CB1R activation selectively increases β-endorphin but not α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone release in the hypothalamus, and systemic or hypothalamic administration of the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone blocks acute CB1R-induced feeding. These processes involve mitochondrial adaptations that, when blocked, abolish CB1R-induced cellular responses and feeding. Together, these results uncover a previously unsuspected role of POMC neurons in the promotion of feeding by cannabinoids.”


Key words:




Another guy wrote that,

“Seasonal variation in box-office revenue is a statistical illusion:

If you release blockbusters in July and dogs in January,”


“Box-office” is almost certainly a key word there.

It surely may not refer to an office of boxes.


My feelings are indescribable.

Many of my feelings are indescribable.

The physiotherapist asked me to describe my pain on a scale of one to ten,

And if it was sharp, dull or pulsing.


It seems there may be no way

Of moaning eloquently

Yet many man-made musical instruments

Are capable

In the right hands.


Almost everything in the world is light-years away

From us.

But heavy,

Weightlessly insupportably heavy are the years

Passed and many splinters stay too near.


Every grain of sand

Finds its way to our salad bowls.



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